Back - Laboratory Identifications

  1. Trapezius - superior attachment at superior nuchal line (insertion and functional origin)
  2. Trapezius - origin from cervical spines (ligamentum nuchae) and thoracic spines
  3. Trapezius - upper fibers (superior nuchal line) insert on lateral scapular spine and on the acromion
  4. Trapezius - inferior fibers (lower thoracic spines) insert on medial scapular spine
  5. Trapezius - understand how trapezius effects upward rotation of the scapula
  6. Serratus anterior - vertebral border and inferior angle of trapezius (contributes to upward rotation
  7. Latissimus dorsi - origin from thoracolumbar fascia, insertion at inferior angle scapula and at the humerus
  8. Rhomboideus major - origin from spines of T2-T5, insertion on vertebral border of scapula, action is retraction
  9. Rhomboideus minor - origin from spines C7-T1, insertion on vertebral scapula near superior angle, action is retraction and elevation
  10. Levator scapulae - origin from transverse processes of C1-4, insertion on superior angle of scapular, action is elevation
  11. Relations of levator scapulae - lateral: spinal accessory nerve and (superficial branch) transverse cervical artery
  12. Relations of levator scapulae - medial: dorsal scapular nerve (nerve to the rhomboids) and dorsal scapular artery (deep branch of transverse cervical artery)

Intermediate muscles of the back

  1. Serratus posterior superioris - inhalation
  2. Serratus posterior inferioris - exhalation
  3. Ventral rami of spinal nerves

Deep muscles of the back

  1. Splenius capitis - deep to trapezius, from nuchal ligament (spines of C7-T6) to lateral occipital bone and mastoid process, inserts immediately inferior to superior nuchal line
  2. Splenius cervicis - stops short of skull to insert on transvers processes of C1-C4
  3. Semispinalis capitis - from upper thoracic transverse processes to occipital of skull between superior and inferior nuchal lines
  4. Greater occipital nerve - passing posterior through the semispinalis muscle at the level of the axis
  5. Erector spinae - three muscles arising from common tendon on posterior sacrum
  6. Spinalis lateral to vertebral spines and anterior to transverse processes
  7. Longissimus - immediately lateral to spinalis
  8. Iliocostalis - origin at posterior iliac crest and insertion at the angle of the ribs
  9. Appreciate that the transversospinalis muscles (multifidus, rotatores, semispinalis) are cradled by the vertebral spines and the transverse processes
  10. Dorsal rami of spinal nerves provide motor and sensory innervation

-- WikiGuest - 13 Dec 2017
Topic revision: r4 - 17 Oct 2016, LorenEvey
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