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Lecture 40: Peritoneum and Peritoneal Cavity

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Posted by lae2 on October 13, 2021 at 18:02:55:

Essay Questions

A 64-year-old male with peptic ulcer disease has a perforation of the posterior wall of the stomach. Acidic gastric contents spilled into the lesser sac. Define the boundaries of the lesser sac. Account for dull pain followed by sharp pain when the posterior stomach wall perforates. Discuss the pathway of spilled stomach contents that pass from the lesser sac into the greater sac.

True False Questions

In the male, under non-pathological conditions, the abdominopelvic cavity is always evacuated.
In the female, under non-pathological conditions, the peritoneal cavity is always evacuated.
Viscera that are designated as intraperitoneal are located inside the peritoneal cavity.
The transverse colon, but not the ascending or descending colon, is intraperitoneal.
The stomach, an intraperitoneal organ, is located inside of the abdominal cavity.
The tunica vaginalis of the testis is an example of a serous cavity.
The hepatoduodenal and hepatogastric ligaments are visceral ligaments that form the lesser omentum.
The anterior boundary of the epiploic foramen is the hepatoduodenal ligament.
A surgical incision of the gastrocolic ligament gains access to the lesser sac and the body of the pancreas.
The left anterior and left posterior boundaries of the lesser sac include the gastrolienal and lienorenal ligaments respectively.
The blood supply to the transverse colon passes through the transverse mesocolon.
The most inferior extent of the peritoneal cavity in the female is the rectouterine pouch and in the male, the rectovesical pouch.
The right paracolic gutter provides communication between the hepatorenal recess and the rectouterine pouch.
The epiploic foramen opens from the lesser sac into the region of the right paracolic gutter.
The falciform ligament is a derivative of ventral mesentery.
The greater omentum is a derivative of dorsal mesentery.
The phrenicocolic ligament supports the spleen, splenic flexure, and caps the left paracolic gutter.

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