Friday, 19-Oct-2018 10:41:39 EDT

Re: Posterior Abdominal Structures Part I.

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Posted by clp on October 11, 2017 at 00:02:34:

In Reply to: Posterior Abdominal Structures Part I. posted by lae2 on October 10, 2017 at 09:52:57:

1. The renal fascia is a diverticulum of transversalis fascia that guards against renal ptosis.
a. False: renal fascia is a diverticulum of extraperitoneal connective tissue which condenses around the kidney.

2. Perirenal fascia accommodates distention of the renal pelvis.
a. True

3. The renal fascia is a condensation of parietal pelvic fascia that envelops the perirenal venous plexus.
a. False: the renal fascia is a condensation of extraperitoneal connective tissue.

4. From anterior to posterior are the renal vein, renal artery, and proximal ureter.
a. True

5. The left renal vein may become compressed if there is a inferior mesenteric aneurysm near the aorta.
a. False: left renal vein may become compressed if there is a superior mesenteric aneurysm

6. The superior pole of the left kidney is anterior to the lumbocostal trigone and lateral to the lateral arcuate ligament.
a. True

7. Sensory innervation of the ureter is hosted by the somatic nervous system.
a. False: sensory innervation is hosted by visceral afferents which run with the sympathetic nervous system

8. The ovaries and testicles migrated during development from near the kidneys.
a. False: they migrated in different directions. Kidneys moved up from the false pelvis as the gonads moved inferiorly

9. Metastatic disease from the superior pole of either the ovary or the testicle is expected to affect upper lumber lymph nodes.
a. True

10. Metastatic disease from the inferior pole of either the ovary or the testicle is expected to affect internal iliac lymph nodes.
a. False: it is expected to affect the superficial inguinal nodes

11. Metastatic disease from the inferior pole of either the ovary or the testicle is expected to affect superficial inguinal lymph nodes.
a. True

12. Metastatic disease from the cremasteric fascia is expected to affect external iliac lymph nodes.
a. True

13. Metastatic disease from the kidney is expected to affect the lungs more so than the liver.
a. True: kidney’s drain into the caval system

14. Metastatic disease from the spleen is expected to affect the liver more so than the lungs.
a. True

15. Metastatic disease from the suprarenal gland is expected to affect the lungs more so than the liver.
a. True

16. Metastatic disease from the jejunum is expected to affect the lungs more so than the liver.
a. False: more likely to affect the liver

17. Metastatic disease from the left colic flexure is expected to affect the lungs more so than the liver.
a. False: will drain to the inferior mesenteric nodes which will follow the portal system

18. Metastatic disease from the ovary or testicle is expected to affect the lungs more so than the liver.
a. True

19. Questions 13 through 18 require knowledge that compares the caval venous system and the portal venous system.
a. True

20. The suprarenal gland is supplied by 3 arteries and 1 vein.
a. True: superior, middle and inferior supra-renal arteries and 1 supra-renal vein



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